Get a home energy audit
Use the free home energy audits offered by many utilities. Simple measures, like installing a programmable thermostat to replace your old dial unit or sealing and insulating heating and cooling ducts, can each reduce a normal household’s carbon dioxide emissions by about 5 percent. Replacing single-paned windows with dual-paned windows and installing insulated doors will also greatly reduce heat loss from your dwelling.
Use Renewable energy
More than half of the electricity in the USA comes from polluting coal-fired power plants. And power plants are the single biggest source of heat-trapping gas. Fortunately, using alternative energy resources, such as solar, wind, geothermal, and hydro energy, is gaining increased support globally. The wind energy generated in Denmark, as an instance, supplies about 10 percent of the nation’s total energy needs. These methods of energy production emit no greenhouse gases as soon as they are up and running.
In most states, choices are available for clients who wish to buy green power (50 to 100% renewable energy). For a comprehensive list of green power options, see the US Department of Energy’s Green Power Network site.
Purchase Solar Panels
With the national and state authorities offering residential renewable energy incentives, solar energy is more accessible than ever before, and of course an superb long-term investment.
Buy Green Tags
If your energy firm does not offer green power, you can offset your carbon dioxide emissions by buying”green tags,” or compensatory energy credits which add renewable power to the grid equal to the power you use. Numerous green label programs exist and can be easily be found on the internet.
Purchase Carbon offsets
The principle of carbon offset is rather simple: you decide you don’t wish to be responsible for accelerating climate change, and you have already made attempts to reduce your carbon dioxide emissions, so you decide to pay somebody else to further reduce your emissions by planting trees or by taking up low-carbon technologies. Each unit of carbon that is absorbed by trees–or not emitted because of your funding of renewable energy installation –offsets the emissions from the fossil fuel use. Oftentimes, funding of renewable energy, energy efficiency, or shrub planting–especially in developing countries –can be a relatively inexpensive way of earning a single”carbon neutral”.
Adjust your thermostat
Turning you themostat down 3 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and up 3 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by roughly 1,050 pounds each year. With a toaster, you can automatically decrease your monthly energy bill by providing your heat and air conditioning a break when you’re asleep or out, as well as reducing carbon dioxide emissions another 1,050 pounds each year.
Install solar lights
From outside, solar lights seem like little skylights on the roof. In the home, they magnify sunlight, delivering powerful, natural light, without the power needed. While they are useful to inside rooms with no windows, they can be used to light darker corners of rooms with windows.
Use energy-saving light bulbs
If each household in the United States replaced one regular light bulb with an energy-saving model, we can reduce global warming pollution by more than 90 billion pounds over the life span of the bulbs; exactly the same as carrying 6.3 million cars off the street. So, replace your incandescent bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescents (CFL), which now come in all sizes and shapes. CFLs use a quarter of the energy incandescent lights utilize and last 10 times as long. Not only will you be reducing greenhouse gas emissions, however you’ll save money on your electric bills and light bulbs also.
Look for the Energy Star Label
When it is time to replace appliances, look for the Energy Star label on new appliances (refrigerators, freezers, furnaces, air conditioners, and water heaters use the most energy). These things may cost a little more initially, but the energy savings will repay the excess investment within two or three years. Household energy savings actually can make a difference: If every household in the United States replaced its present appliances with the most efficient models available, we would save $15 billion in energy costs and remove 175 million tons of heat-trapping gases. The United States would need 30 fewer power plants if all Americans utilized the most efficient refrigerators.